How to Create a Budget for a New Business

Starting up a new business requires careful budgeting. Whether you’re selling crafts from home or launching a tech start-up, financial planning plays an important role in the future success of your business. You’ll need to make estimates of your future expenses and revenues, while tracking your start-up capital and conducting research into your market. It may sound like a tall order, but don’t worry! With a bit of advance planning and the right tools to assist you, you can create a realistic budget for your new business. Here are a few tips to help you get started.

business accounting

Do your research first

Before you can create a realistic budget, you’ll first need to understand a little bit more about your chosen market. Learn more about the industry, competition, and future opportunities for growth. You can’t make a budget unless you can accurately predict what your expenses and revenues will look like, using comparable businesses as a guide. There are a number of ways to conduct market research, including evaluating products, consulting with experts, and surveying potential customers.

Estimate your start-up costs

Armed with the facts you’ve learned from your market research, you can then make a list of what your beginning costs will be. This will of course depend on the type of business you’re running, but could include everything from product design to website development. You should also take business activity into account. For example, if you’re planning to open a bakery, you could expect that mornings will be your busiest time period and will require you to pay more staff during this time.

Set up a spreadsheet

The easiest visual for a budget is a spreadsheet, which you can create with Excel, business accounting software, or even old-fashioned pencil and paper! If you need help with this part of the budget-creating process, it can be a good idea to take basic accounting courses at or shell out for the right software. In your new spreadsheet, input fixed expenses such as rent, as well as variable expenses such as supplies and utilities. Don’t worry, these numbers don’t have to be exact if you’re just starting out. You can use your market research as a guide and adjust later. In addition to expenses, you can also insert a section for your expected income. Estimate at first, and then fill in these numbers with your real income at the end of each month or sales quarter. At this time, you can also analyse how and why the real numbers differed from the projected figures, which can be a big eye-opener.

Adjust budget as needed

Finally, remember that no budget is set in stone. All businesses experience setbacks or periods of slow sales activity, so be sure that you’ve budgeted for emergencies. Itemize your expenses so that you can cut the fat when needed to cope with these slower sales periods. This will help you stay afloat as you grow your new business.

Taking the time to create a budget before you even sell a single product helps you plan ahead and be more efficient with your business dealings. It can give you valuable insight into your industry, and help you devise strategies for financial emergencies so that you can avoid being blindsided.

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Why The Accounting Standards In Japan Have Never Seized Through The Ages

The Japanese have a reputation of being serious and meticulous in what they do. They are people of honor and their civilized life bears the mark of a people deeply rooted in tradition. However, these traditions have enabled them uphold a rare face in the Western communities, which can simple be termed as honesty. This is a key feature especially in a corporation that seeks to grow in terms of numbers and it is something every boss looks for in his employees.

In Japan, accounting stands out for the following reasons:

1. It is a History of Mathematics

Accounting in Japan is not an easy task; it calls for meticulous arithmetic and appropriate conclusions. For instance, you cannot accuse anyone before you re absolutely sure, it was their mistake or responsibility because if you dishonored the by mistake, traditionally you owed them your small finger. How do the Japanese do their accounting?

2. They Keep Correct Entries

They have mastered this art since accounting was discovered. Correct entries ensure that you get a fair look into the business, you will be able to see how everything is running, the things you need to do right and those you need to stop doing. Correct bookkeeping and record entries can help you do a survey on the average number of customers you meet every day compared to the number of sales you make. The results of this could reflect upon you customer service skills and other elements that you might have to check.

When doing the records, it is vital that you do your math well since any errors would reflect falsely upon the business and the management and could cause loss of jobs and most importantly loss of investor confidence. The Japanese used this system of computing ages before the invention of other methods of calculating used today. Some continue to use this ancient form of doing numbers even today.

Simple arithmetic can be done using handheld calculators but projection based on real data is done using computer software. However, for a people who practically invented the calculator, accounting is an important aspect of their businesses.

3. Thorough Audits keep their Standards Sky High

Unlike most companies that focus on the financial books when doing an audit, accounting firms in Japan ensure that they go through every aspect of the audit to ensure that not only the books are balanced but also that the efficiency of the company is enhanced or maintained depending on the present condition of the company. They give recommendations on what should be done so that the ultimate goal, which in this case is to make profit by spending as little as possible, is met.

4. Goal Oriented Business Habits

These habits are highly encouraged in Japan. This means if you want to achieve highly especially in business you need to make you goals clear. These goals include the profit you would like to have made in a specific time. Tour books of account will show these.

Out of survey conducted on the best business environments, the Japanese scored highly in areas of politeness, courtesy and honesty. This means that their cultural dispensation makes them who they are, and it is not something they do for the sake of it. It can be traced back to the Samurai who held honor and truth as very important tenets of their code; this has trickled down into their generations as the punishment for betrayal and dishonesty was to death.


Professor Okinawa is an American born Japanese who majored in accounting. He is an avid angler and a blogger on accounting Japan. He plans to open an accounting firm in the coming days. 

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